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艾萨克·李·海斯二世(1942年8月20日-2008年8月10日)是美国歌手、作曲家、演员和制作人。海斯是南方灵魂音乐厂牌Stax Records背后的创作人之一,他在那里既是内部作曲家,又是录音师和唱片制作人,在1960年代中期与他的搭档大卫·波特(David Porter)合作。2005年,海斯和波特入选作曲家名人堂,以表彰他们为自己、二人组Sam & Dave、卡拉·托马斯(Carla Thomas)等人创作的数十首歌曲。2002年,海斯入选摇滚名人堂。[1]

南方公园

20世纪90年代末,海斯作为喜剧中心电视动画连续剧《南方公园》中大厨的配音,获得了新的关注。大厨是南方公园小学的一名擅长唱歌的食堂员工。1999年,由大厨演唱的动画中的一首歌曲“巧克力咸酥球”获得了国际电台的播放。它在英国单曲榜上排名第一,也在爱尔兰单曲榜上排名第一。1998年,这首歌被收录进专辑《援助大厨:南方公园专辑》中。[2]

山达基剧集

在2005年11月16日播出的讽刺山达基教的《南方公园》剧集“困在衣柜中”里,海斯并没有为大厨配音。在该集播出一个月后,海斯出现在Opie和Anthony电台节目中时,被问到:“当马特特雷做了那集关于山达基的剧集时,你有什么想法?”他回答说:“马特和特雷的特点就在于,他们嘲笑所有人,如果你真的认真对待的话,我可以把布鲁克林大桥用两美元卖给你。他们就是这么做的。”

2006年1月4日,在接受The A.V. Club采访时,海斯再次被问及这个剧集。他说,他告诉主创人员马特·斯通和特雷·帕克,“伙计们,你们都搞错了。我们不是那样的人。我知道那是你们的事,但也要把信息搞清楚,因为有人可能真的会相信那些东西,你们知道吗?”然后,他让他们上几堂山达基课程,了解他们的工作。在采访中,海斯为《南方公园》的争议性幽默风格辩护,他指出自己不满意该剧对山达基的处理方式,但表示自己“理解马特和特雷的做法”。[3]

离开南方公园

2006年3月13日,一份声明以海斯的名义发表,表示他要求解除与喜剧中心的合同,理由是最近讽刺宗教信仰的剧集是无法被宽容的。“这个世界上有值得讽刺的地方,但讽刺结束的时候,对他人宗教信仰的不宽容和偏执就开始了。”新闻声明中引用了他的话。不过,声明中没有直接提到山达基教。斯通的回应称,海斯的抱怨源于该节目对山达基教的批评,他“对我们的节目取笑基督徒、穆斯林、摩门教或犹太人没有任何问题——他已经多次核查过。”[4][5] 斯通补充说:“在我们做山达基相关剧集之前,我们从来没有听到艾萨克以任何方式的意见。他希望对自己以外的宗教有不同的标准,对我来说,这就是不宽容和偏执的开始。”斯通和帕克同意应海斯的要求解除他的合同。2007年,海斯说他已经辞职了,因为“他们(帕克和斯通)没有给我足够的薪水......他们没那么好。”[6]

The South Park season 10 premiere (aired March 22, 2006) featured "The Return of Chef", a thinly veiled telling of the affair from Parker and Stone's point of view. Using sound clips from past episodes, it depicts Chef as having been brainwashed and urges viewers (via Kyle talking to the town) to "remember Chef as the jolly old guy who always broke into song" and not to blame Chef for his defection, but rather, as Kyle states, "be mad at that fruity little club for scrambling his brains." In the episode, the cult that brainwashed Chef is named the "Super Adventure Club" and is depicted as a group of child molesters who travel the world to have sex with prepubescent children from exotic places. In the end, Chef is unable to break free from his brainwashing and dies an extremely gruesome death, falling off a cliff, being mutilated by wild animals and shot several times. At the end of the episode, he is shown as being resurrected as a cyborg in the style of the resurrection of Darth Vader at the end of Star Wars: Episode III – Revenge of the Sith.Template:Citation needed

On March 20, 2006, two days before "The Return of Chef" aired, Roger Friedman of Fox News reported having been told that the March 13 statement was made in Hayes's name, but not by Hayes himself. He wrote: "Isaac Hayes did not quit South Park. My sources say that someone quit it for him. ... Friends in Memphis tell me that Hayes did not issue any statements on his own about South Park. They are mystified."[7] In a 2016 oral history of South Park in The Hollywood Reporter, Hayes's son Isaac Hayes III said the decision to leave the show was made by Hayes' Scientologist entourage, all of whom were ardent Scientologists, and that it was made after Hayes suffered a stroke, leaving him vulnerable to outside influence and unable to make such decisions on his own.[8]

"The China Probrem", the first South Park episode after Hayes' death, was dedicated to him.[9]

After South Park

Hayes' income was sharply reduced as a result of leaving South Park.[10] There followed announcements that he would be touring and performing. A reporter present at a January 2007 show in New York City, who had known Hayes fairly well, reported that "Isaac was plunked down at a keyboard, where he pretended to front his band. He spoke-sang, and his words were halting. He was not the Isaac Hayes of the past."[10]

In April 2008, while a guest on The Adam Carolla Show, Hayes 'stumbled' in his responses to questions—possibly as a result of health issues. A caller questioned whether Hayes was under the influence of a substance, and Carolla and co-host Teresa Strasser asked Hayes if he had ever used marijuana. After some confusion on what was being asked, Hayes replied that he had only ever tried it once. During the interview the radio hosts made light of Hayes's awkward answers, and replayed snippets of earlier ones to simulate conversation with his co-hosts. Hayes stated during this interview that he was no longer on good terms with Trey Parker and Matt Stone.[11]

Personal life

Family

Hayes had 14 children, 14 grandchildren, and three great-grandchildren.[12]

Scientology activism

Hayes took his first Scientology course in 1993,[13] later contributing endorsement blurbs for many Scientology books over the ensuing years. In 1996, Hayes began hosting The Isaac Hayes and Friends Radio Show on WRKS in New York City. While there, Hayes became a client of young vegan raw food chef Elijah Joy and his company Organic Soul Inc. Hayes also appears in the Scientology film Orientation. In 1998, Hayes and fellow Scientologist entertainers Anne Archer, Chick Corea and Haywood Nelson attended the 30th anniversary of Freedom Magazine, the Church of Scientology's self-described investigative news journal, at the National Press Club in Washington, DC, to honor eleven activists.[14] In 2001, Hayes and Doug E. Fresh, another Scientologist musician, recorded a Scientology-inspired album called The Joy Of Creating – The Golden Era Musicians And Friends Play L. Ron Hubbard.[15]

Death

On March 20, 2006, Roger Friedman of Fox News reported that Hayes had suffered a minor stroke in January.[7] Hayes's spokeswoman, Amy Harnell, denied this,[16] but on October 26, 2006, Hayes confirmed that he had suffered a stroke.[17]

On August 10, 2008, 10 days before his 66th birthday, Hayes was found unresponsive in his home, just east of Memphis, as reported by the Shelby County, Tennessee Sheriff's Department.[18] A Shelby County Sheriff's deputy and an ambulance from Rural Metro responded to his home after three family members found his body on the floor next to a still-operating treadmill. Hayes was taken to Baptist Memorial Hospital in Memphis, where he was pronounced dead at 2:08 p.m.[18][19][20] The cause of death was not immediately clear,[21] although the area medical examiners later listed a recurrence of stroke as the cause of death.[20][22] He was buried at Memorial Park Cemetery, in Memphis, Tennessee.[23]

参考资料

  1. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on October 8, 2016. Retrieved on August 17, 2014.
  2. "Chef – Character Guide – South Park Studios".
  3. A.V. Club interview of Isaac Hayes , January 4, 2006.
  4. "Isaac Hayes quits 'South Park' citing religious intolerance". CBC (March 23, 2006). Archived from the original on March 14, 2007.
  5. "South Park gets revenge on Chef". BBC News (March 23, 2006).
  6. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on May 3, 2016. Retrieved on January 1, 2014. , The New York Post, January 24, 2007
  7. 7.0 7.1 Roger Friedman (March 20, 2006). "Chef's Quitting Controversy". Fox News.
  8. "Holy Shit, 'South Park' Is 20! Trey Parker, Matt Stone on Censors, Tom Cruise and Scientology's Role in Isaac Hayes Quitting". The Hollywood Reporter (September 14, 2016). Retrieved on September 15, 2016.
  9. "The top 10 ballsiest South Park episodes".
  10. 10.0 10.1 Roger Friedman, "Isaac Hayes's History With Scientology" , Fox News, August 11, 2008
  11. Isaac Hayes interview, MP3 format , FreeFM: The Adam Carolla Show, April 9, 2008
  12. You Can Dig Him , Chattanooga Pulse, December 13, 2006
  13. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on June 20, 2012. Retrieved on March 1, 2013.
  14. Kennedy, James (October 23, 1998). "Haywood You Remember Garden City Park". Mineola American, Anton Community Newspapers. Archived from the original on July 7, 2011. Retrieved on July 27, 2010.
  15. Leggett, Jonathan (March 25, 2006). "Cult musicians". The Guardian. London: The Guardian.
  16. Hayes Slams 'Stroke' Rumors, Hollywood.com, March 27, 2006
  17. Hayes has put stroke, 'South Park' behind him, MySanAntonio.com, October 26, 2006.
  18. 18.0 18.1 "Memphis soul legend Isaac Hayes dead at 65". Action News 5 (August 10, 2008). Retrieved on September 11, 2010.
  19. Levine, Doug (August 11, 2008). "Singer, Songwriter Isaac Hayes Dies". VOA News. Voice of America. Archived from the original on December 14, 2008. Retrieved on January 3, 2009.
  20. 20.0 20.1 "Soul legend Isaac Hayes dies". CNN (August 10, 2008). Retrieved on August 10, 2008.
  21. CBS: Oscar-Winning Singer Isaac Hayes Dead: "Hot Buttered Soul" Made Him Famous Four Decades Ago, "Theme From Shaft" Won Prestigious Awards. Retrieved August 12, 2008.
  22. "Stroke killed singer Isaac Hayes". BBC News (August 13, 2008). Retrieved on September 11, 2010.
  23. "Soul legend Isaac Hayes' grave marker unveiled in Memphis".
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